Monthly Archives: February 2014

For a cultural researcher, the amount of material contained in the ArchiveTeam’s Geocities copy is simply overwhelming. The tumblr blog One Terabyte Of Kilobyte Age Photo Op presents one way to make it all accessible, by transforming it into an exciting soap opera of screen shots.

With the Geocities Research Institute’s latest effort, categorizing the home pages can go as easily as checking tumblr: When accessed through the Geocities proxy server, each post is connected with the local database, widgets to view and modify the displayed home page’s metadata are inserted into tumblr.

Tagging is a good way to work with experimental or explorational ontologies, since a hierarchy can be built ad-hoc. Different views on the same material can exist at the same time — a prerequisite for giving meaning to a collection as large as Geocities. Tags are useful before a complete collection of items is fully known and can be created independently by different researchers, without too much prior agreement on a vocabulary.

In conclusion, each new opportunity and context to enter meta information has the potential to be valuable. Meta information does not have to be definite or objective to help structuring items, as long as the system applying it performs reasonably fast and allows quick combinations.



One year ago, on the 7th of February 2013, the first Geocities screenshot appeared on One Terabyte of the Kilobyte Age Photo Op. Since then a new one was coming every 20 minutes (apart from several glitches that led to some hours of silence).25 666 pages were posted till this moment. And we still have material for 13 more years. There are many things we learned about Geocities and the Vernacular Web in general from observing our own Tumblr: we found examples for our statements and theories about the early web and had to face some facts that we were not aware of before.

And we got almost 9000 followers. Which doesn’t bring us to any Tumblr top list, but we are very happy about this number. Because these are 9000 people voluntarily receiving a snap of the web history 3 times an hour. They like and reblog, they give us feed back and spread the word. Seeing what pages are getting popular and what are ignored helps us to understand what web users of today find exciting about the web of yesterday. It is too early to make statements about it after one year, but the time is right to celebrate our followers’ activity during the first year.

To do so we put together Top Three of the most popular Geocities Screenshots, by manually tracking the activity of tumblr users on the blog. Now we invite you to visit the mirrors of the three restored home pages.

To restore your beloved pages, Dragan dug deeper into our own archive’s subfolders, went to,, examined parts of Geocities still accessible online. Read more about it in Dragan’s elaborate post The Anniversary Restoration.

See the pages in your own browser, surf (external links will be mostly broken), read the guest books!


Published on JANUARY 4, 2014 (11:20 AM) got 6630 NOTES so far.


Hi, I’m Bobby from London, England. You might wonder why an Englishman is having a web site in this geocities neighborhood. Well, I’ve had my holiday in the Philippines …


#2 Cute Boy Site

Published on AUGUST 3, 2013 (2:20 PM) got 9157 NOTES so far.


Who do you wanna see as the Cute Boy of the month, March?? Click here to vote!


#1 Divirced Dads Page

Published on APRIL 28, 2013 (2:20 AM) got 10412 NOTES so far.

This page is to support all of you divorced fathers that have encountered grave injustice in the Family Law issues due to the blindness of the Canadian Justice System. It is my life long goal to show the Government law makers of Canada, that it is time to change the law.


To celebrate one year of our Geocities screenshot tumblr One Terabyte of Kilobyte Age Photo Op I restored the top 3 reblogged and liked home pages posted there, as tracked by Olia.

The access has been optimized for contemporary browsers and high interactivity. On the Authenticity/Access chart, this restoration is placed in between “screenshots” and “HTTP mirror access, contemporary, browser AddOn”: The pixels generated by contemporary browsers are not be the same as the ones rendered by a 1997/98 browser, the URLs are not the original ones; however, the interactivity comes close to the original, the graphics look fine enough and are animated. As a bonus, a first time in website restoration, the embedded MIDI files have been transformed into audio recordings using timidity and a Soundblaster AWE32 instrument set.1

#3 I have a website

All material except the counter image was present in the ArchiveTeam’s Geocities torrent distribution. The missing image icq.JPG probably never was uploaded by the user, it is not present on any public Geocities mirror.

The counter image was lifted from the Wayback Machine. The original URL was probably working with browser referrer information to assign the counter to a certain web page.2 The Internet Archive’s web crawler saved the counter showing 0000 over a few years. We will not be able to reconstruct the number of visitors to the page, but at least we can imagine how it looked.

The MIDI file embedded in the page, a version of Celine Dion’s “My Heart Will Go On”, is heavily damaged and produces strange noises when played back via timidity. I haven’t verified how it would be interpreted on a legacy system, but since the MIDI file specification is not met in this file it will for sure not reproduce a perfect version of the song. (The file is damaged or not present in all public mirrors of Geocities.)

#2 Cute Boy Site

This simple home page posed no further problems, “As Long As You Love Me” by the Backstreet boys was conserved in a perfect MIDI version. The missing image devlayy.jpg never left the author’s hard disk, it is referenced outside of the homepage’s root directory in a folder called Annies GirlClub.

#1 Divorced Dads Page

From Divorced Dads, the ArchiveTeam’s copy only contains the main page. I took some missing pages and from reocities. The downside of reocities is that there is no Last-Modified header delivered from the server, the upside is that the original HTML is less modified than on the wayback machine.3 Thankfully the wayback machine delivers original Last-Modified dates in extra HTTP headers, so I was able to transfer this metadata to the reocities copies.4

The banner on the bottom was replaced with a generic banner ad from this particular banner exchange service from 2003, as found on the wayback machine.

The top of the page features a Java applet called “GeoGuide” that is referenced on many Geocities home pages. Unfortunately, Java applets have posed issues for webcrawler-based archiving, since they are opaque blobs of code that might load further resources, for example images or object code libraries. Most crawlers wouldn’t even download the applet files because of the low likeliness that they would work later. There is no public mirror of Geocities available that contains this applet, and until now no screenshot or other form of documentation of GeoGuide was found.

The counter used to be delivered from a personalized URL,, the first time it was checked on the wayback machine in 2003 was already producing a “file not found”. Since Geocities moved their user tracking to a separate server, I decided to look there and indeed found four zeroes printed in a nice font, still alive. This might be the counter the page’s author customized for himself, or it might not be.

All sub pages use a non-standard font called “Paramount” <FONT FACE="Paramount">. A metadata tag <META NAME="GENERATOR" CONTENT="Mozilla/4.01 [en] (Win95; I) [Netscape]"> hints towards Windows 95 being the platform the pages were created on, but there is no information available about what this font might be: There are some freeware fonts with that name, but no font of such a name was ever included in for example the “Microsoft Plus” packs for Windows that gave users extra features and fonts; Microsoft Office never shipped with a Paramount as well. Since the choice of font would be too arbitrary and the likeliness of page visitors having exactly this font installed in 1997/98 to actually see it is very low, I decided to leave the browser’s default font in place.


  1. If the restorations are accessed via a legacy system, audio authenticity suffers because the original MIDI files have been replaced with OGG and MP3 recordings. []
  2. Upon loading images, browsers send a Referer header to the server that contains the URL of the web page the image is embedded in. Like this, servers can return different images for the same URL. []
  3. Reocities just inserts a Javascript banner after the opening body tag and seems to have done a simple search/replace on to []
  4. The headers encountered during crawl time are reproduced by The Internet Archive as starting with X-Archive-Orig-, for example X-Archive-Orig-Last-Modified: Sun, 10 Aug 1997 01:00:05 GMT []

Meanwhile, the Geocities Research Institute got its own ex-libris. The stamp was designed by the inimitable Manuel Bürger, designer of the Digital Folklore Reader, Transmediale festival, Shake Your Tree label and other great books, records and events.

The stamp features the names of GRI founders and surfing (!) Felix, the cat that was there even before LOL cats.

Thank you, Manuel!

Geocities Research Institute Exlibris designed by Manuel Buerger