It is 31st of December 1999 on One Terabyte of Kilobyte Age, the last hours of the last century. Apart from the page above and common Y2K jokes, nothing reveals that the world is on the age of algorithmic catastrophe. As usual, people moving in and moving out of GeoCities.

Revisiting the post I wrote on the 1st of April 2014 (the first day of 1999 in Geocities time), I saw that I made a mistake: 1999 in tumblr posts was not equal to 1 year IRL, but that is due to some troubles we had with generating and streaming the screenshots. Some nasty redirect scripts1 went in conflict with the Screenshot Factory and generated trash. We had to stop the engines for two months in summer 2015:

As promised, on March 18 1999 (June 14 2014) we switched from Netscape to Explorer. Still hurts :)

Revisiting my preview I now notice that I didn’t mention and didn’t think about the most important thing that happened to GeoCities users that year—the acquisition of the service by Yahoo!.

Indeed, although the deal took place already in January, there were no visible traces of the new owner until the end of June, when Geocities/Yahoo introduced the new Terms of Service. Its Section 8 suggested that all the content users host on Geocities belongs to Yahoo!.

Apparently in 1999 internet users still read Terms of Service agreements. This one got them furious and initiated very vivid actions in protest of Section 8.

The protests were fruitful and the ToS were rewritten.

Among the changes Yahoo! brought along were vanity profiles: they discontinued the virtual city structure and severely affected GeoCities’ community spirit; and the Yahoo! Site Builder, whose aim was to make home page creation easier and self expression more organized. I think both changes were going hand in hand. To make it short, it was the Template replacing the URL. Before, if you wanted to make a let’s say Backstreet Boys fan-site, you would most probably go to the SunsetStrip neighbourhood, now you could choose whatever name for your production and a proper template.

Yahoo templates for personal, business, fan, “meet my pet”, “it’s a girl”, geek and so on occasions came to my attention as soon as I peeked into the Geocities archive. It was also clear at first sight that nothing could compete in popularity with the default Page Builder template — Personal Page Blue. I wrote about this phenomenon in 2011, but it is now when I go one by one through the pages updated in the last quarter of 1999 that I can feel how people tried and failed to make sense out of this structure. 8 of the latest 300 abandoned pages are somebody’s sad attempts to squeeze themselves into the template.

Pages tagged as “template” look very homogeneous at the moment on the Geocities Research Server:


At the same time, Geocities again and again proves to be an indestructible time capsule. Look at our newest projects: BSB heaven, Area 51, On the Internet Everybody Knows You Had a Dog, Ruins restored. They are largely based on the material of pages last updated in 1999, but if you can remember, the web didn’t really look like this 1999… outside of GeoCities.

Apart from rare exceptions and despite Yahoo!‘s corporate identity ambitions–pages of GeoCities users in heir majority look like it is 1996. Doesn’t matter if it is 1999, 2000 or 2009

Have a nice Millennium!


P.S. As for Yahoo!, they were not sitting and twiddling their thumbs, we have seen two new actions last year: the removal of clipart libraries and paid users’ pages that were still there. And they shamelessly redirect addresses of killed pages to a site that promotes their Small Business Hosting Service.

P.P.S. https://vine.co/v/e2WePvXTDj7

  1. despens says: Such an occurrence is called an Archival Zombie: The original webpage that is stored in the archive is referencing a resource from the live web. This usually happens when the archiving process wasn’t sophisticated enough to catch this resource at the time of archiving. In this case, the URL of a JavaScript ad banner that was injected into the site in 2009—when the archiving took place—is still active and doing very different things now from what it did back then.  []

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