Internet! You are so powerful, so neural and so loooong tail!

🙏 Please help me to find Jennifer! 🙏

In 1998 she moved in Hollywood/Theater/5049/ In 2002 she moved out. Her email was  She loved Star Wars and hated Titanic, she started Anti Titanic Web Ring

That’s all I know…



“Frequently, when I work on my web pages, I have some of my favorite – well, pretty much my only – alcoholic drink, which is cranberry juice mixed with white wine. I usually drink it out of my son’s Tweetie-bird cup, but a friend suggested recently that maybe the Sylvester cup would be more sophisticated. Now I can’t decide. (This text’s font color is cranberry-juice-referential.)”


Susansthoughts moved into Heartland/Meadows/1666 in mid-1997 and was last updated in July 1998. It didn’t have a long life and it also didn’t become a comprehensive collection of thoughts or items. It is neither a portal nor a family archive. If it is not the first ever 90’s page you saw it will not blast your mind by its appearance or structure. Still, it is very special website.

“This site is self-referential. So is this sentence.” wrote Susan Schapiro about her own creation. This sentence is in the middle of the home page, so when I arrived to it I already knew that “self-referential” is an understatement. susanthoughts was not only a web page about web page or web pages, it asked existential questions: welcome or not to welcome?! Nudes or not? Anonymous or “Don’t not put your name anywhere on your page “. and 10 9 8 7 reasons to create a web page.

Imagine how lucky I felt when it appeared that Susan still uses the same email address she put on her website in 1997, and when she agreed to talk to me! Our conversation took place on the 14th of October 2018 in

Olia Lialina: Susan, can you remember why did you choose to be on GeoCities?

Susan Schapiro: I had a friend at work who had like a humor site at GeoCities… It actually didn’t even occur to me that you could do it any other way. It wasn’t even like I thought about it. It’s just if you’re gonna do a page at that point GeoCities is where you put it, unless you are somehow really knowledgeable about the web and I wasn’t.

And I had no idea of making a web page at all, it was quite alien to me initially. GeoCities was a place where you could do it without having to know anything about the mechanics of creating and updating a stand-alone site on a separate domain.  (I did learn how to manage a separate domain pretty quickly, but when I was first working on the GeoCities site I did not know how to do that).

OL: Why and why in Heartland neighborhoods?

SS: Well, when I was thinking about putting a page on GeoCities there were various neighborhoods that were about specific things, and I didn’t really see it as being about anything, And Heartland seemed like sort of a friendly catch-all one, they called it the family neighborhood I think. So that seemed the best place for me.

OL: Maybe you also can remember a bit about the next thing in the url, why the Meadows suburb?

SS: I think that was just where I could find a place, I can’t remember. Were there Heartland other things?

OL: Yeah, there were a lot, but indeed, as this great article on neighborhoods explains, you could not choose.

OL: Were you an “angry” or a “grateful” GeoCities user? I put these definitions in quotation marks, because these are the tags I give respectively to the users who complained about the services or were happy and expressed their gratitude on their pages.

SS: I thought it was great. You know if somebody’s giving you a free service, it’s kind of rude to complain about it. Also at the time I would not have had a way to put something out without them and you know it was really fun to be a part of that little world. I don’t remember having negative feelings towards them. I also wasn’t using it after Yahoo bought it and you know took it over – maybe at that point I would have been annoyed also, but at the time I was using it I just thought this is great.

OL: What did you feel when you got to know that the GeoCities would be closed? And did you think about deleting your page?

SS: I had stopped looking at any of it, I stopped updating any of it long time ago. By the time I heard it was going to be closed. I wouldn’t have even known how to get into my page to delete it. I think I still could have figured out the URL, but no, it didn’t occur to me to delete it, and it also never occurred to me that anybody would ever see it again. I was very surprised when you wrote to me!

OL: On my side I was very surprised that you’ve answered! Usually my emails to GeoCities web masters bounce back immediately or I don’t get anything back. A related question: how did you feel when you got to know that I’m actually looking at your old site? Did you regret maybe at the moment that you didn’t delete it?

SS: I thought that was so much fun, that someone had happened to be on it again! I’m not embarrassed by it. It’s very much of its time, and I wouldn’t put that out today, but it was just right for the time.

OL: There is no reason to be embarrassed! So, it was your first ever web page. What happened after? How did your web master career went on?

SS: It wasn’t really a career, I was working full-time as a computer programmer at a bank, a mainframe programmer, that didn’t stop.
But I had learned HTML. I bought books. I just taught myself, it’s not really that hard, and by this point my son was going to a private school that my husband was also teaching at, and I did a website for them because, I knew how… and then we had a friend that we had met through the school who owned a little chain of hotels and they asked if I could do a website for them. And that I got paid for because that was a business and there were 18 hotels at one point and each hotel had seven or eight pages.

OL: What were these years when you were making websites for their hotels.

SS: It was the late 1990s.

OL: An important age question. What I could calculate from captions under the photographs, you were around 44 when you made susanthoughts?

SS: Right.

OL: There is a cliché that GeoCities were made by teenagers, by very young boys on girls …

SS: Um no, that maybe so but there was a whole community that was my age at that time. The people that I was aware of that I was that were contacting me and I was making contact to, they were all within my age range maybe thirties, forties. They were not twenty year olds or teenagers. A lot of us you know jumped on this and despite that stereotype that we were already too old to learn how to use the internet. Of course we weren’t..

OL: Let’s go though your home page. When I saw it for the first time it immediately attracted my attention, because you stroked through the Welcome to My Home Page

Welcome to My Page

Here’s the Page

In the next sentence you explained that you strike it through because

“One of the books I looked at on how to code HTML said “Don’t put ‘Welcome to my page’ on your page”, because people already know they’re welcome, so I tried to think how to start this without putting that on first, and really, it seems sort of stark without some kind of greeting. So my second idea was just to say “Here’s the page”, as an homage to my seven-year-old son, who has started saying “Bon appetit” at mealtimes, and I discovered that he thought it meant “Here’s the food.”

Tell me, were you making fun about the book? About people who wrote big and animated Welcome To My Home Page on their pages. Or was it a reflection on yourself dealing with the existential question: to welcome or not to welcome?

SS: I wasn’t really making fun of the books, per se, and it wasn’t an existential question for me (like “To be or not to be”).  Like a lot of other things on the page, I was mainly trying to be a little bit funny and also discuss my thought processes about the page on the page. I do remember that I really did grapple a little with what kind of heading to use on the page, and I did see that advice (or rule) about not putting Welcome to My Page on the page, and really did think – but if I don’t put that, I thought, what would I put, since really, you need some kind of heading.  I guess I was making fun of the books a little bit or else it was just that some of the “rules” didn’t make a lot of sense for something that was just a personal fun page (as opposed to some kind of business site).

OL: Do you remember what book was it?

SS: I don’t even remember what books I was using. The only names of places I can remember are the ones that I listed on my page. (Mirsky’s Worst of the Web, Web Pages That Suck) I did find them very entertaining to read, and I’m sure I actually did follow a lot of their advice.  I also formed my own opinions after seeing things I didn’t like or that just weren’t my taste on other people’s pages.

OL: Do you have an example of something you didn’t like? I remember my personal absolute no go at that time were images or buttons that went through plastic wrap filter. Another thing I couldn’t stand were the borders around linked images.

One major thing I remember hating was garish patterned backgrounds in bright colors. Typos and misspelling also really bothered me. They don’t bother me in e-mails, but I always felt a web page should at least be edited enough to prevent that.

OL: You’re also mentioning in the first paragraph “so I started looking at other people’s home pages” Were you looking only at the home pages or were you opening the source code of those pages?

SS: I never looked at the source code, I just looked at the pages.

OL: You think it’s the right thing to write your own code and not copy and paste and modify?

SS: I don’t think it’s particularly right or wrong. It never even occurred to me to copy other people’s code so I had no opinion about whether other people should or shouldn’t do that.
Because I do remember formatting is the hardest part of the coding, you know getting things positioned how you want them, and it wouldn’t even help to steal someone’s code even if I wanted to but I did feel that I was kind of too good for that.

OL: I’ve seen in the source code of your website that you used HomeSite 2.5, so you coded by hand.

SS: Yeah sometimes it helped by filling in a tag automatically but it is not one of those WYSIWYG softwares. You had to code in HTML. When I was first working on my GeoCities site, I don’t think I was even aware yet that WYSIWYG software existed. But I definitely would not have been using it even if I knew about it.

OL: I think I see the logic behind all of your design choices, but the little images on the top look like completely random. Can’t relate to anything you say.

SS: They are random. I was just looking for some kind of graphic that resonated to me in some way in its appearance and these are all fruit crate labels and I just liked them and I thought they were kind of subdued and low-key in a way that a lot of other pages weren’t.
They don’t have any – they’re not a reference to anything that’s on the page.

OL: Did you find them or did you scan them?

SS: I found them, I don’t remember where … I had bought some software that has some 10,000 images on it that you know are all available to you to use … but I actually don’t remember where I got them.

OL: Let’s move to the central part (for me) of you site where you count reasons to make a web page.

10 9 8 reasons to create a web page

1. I need a URL of my own, so when I sign other people’s guest books with “Cool site! Come visit mine!!” – I actually have a site to direct them to. “Cool site! E-mail me!!” just doesn’t have the same ring.
2. If I buy up a lot of domain names like or, I’ll have something I can do with them when I discover nobody wants to buy them.
3. I need someplace to put all those cute gifs I’ve stolen from other people’s pages.
4. I need a place to display my son’s art work now that I’ve run out of wall and refrigerator space in my house.
5. I need a reason to use the scanner we bought because it was such a fun toy, but then had nothing to use it for. (see 4. above).
6. I need a reason to use the digital camera we bought because it was such a fun toy (and then had nothing to use it for (see above).
7. Because I can.

(All right, 7 reasons.)

My first question. Why did you feel you had to put them on? Was anybody making fun of your decision to make a web page and you had to defend it?

SS: No! Not at all. I just thought it was funny!.. It was also a reference to, you know, the whole phenomenon of us creating these web pages at that time. I wouldn’t put any of these up now because everything is just different now, but at that time…

OL: What reasons to create a web page would you give today if at all?

SS: In the Geocities era, you really didn’t need any reason to have a page. A lot of having a page back then was just the fun of participating in this new Web world. It’s almost like a lot of us were just saying ‘Hi World!’.  But by now our relationships with the Web have changed. The reasons for an individual having a site nowadays would be for either providing information about a specific topic that wasn’t personal (like a period in history, or something in science), or having some kind of fan page, or if the page was about yourself, it would be because you were an author or at least had some kind of prominence in your field of expertise. For the kinds of things a lot of us were putting out back in the 90’s the equivalent today would be a blog site, I think.

.A few months ago I noticed that my tampax has a URL. I like my brand of tampax, and I’m happy they exist, but I can’t imagine why I would ever want to go to their web site. I already know how to use them, and I just don’t feel a need to read more about them, or visit a Tampax Chat Room.

OL: Where are you present online today?

SS: Barely, I’m on Facebook only and I only got on Facebook actually so I could look for other people that I wanted to look up that were on Facebook. I think you had to be on Facebook to do that and a whole lot of people I knew were on Facebook and they immediately started friending me, but I never post anything.

OL: I scroll down your page now and come to “Spinal Cord Injury”. It is the first button in your menu and the most elaborated section in my opinion…

SS: right

OL: …. but it was not the main reason to start the website?

SS: I wasn’t thinking about that at all when I was first creating the site. It was only after I started working on the site that it occurred to me – Hey, I really do have something “real” I could include here.

OL: What surprised me was that I didn’t find links to other pages on the topic on your site.

SS: I wasn’t trying to do a general thing about that topic, it was about that topic and how it affected me.

OL: Was it also the topic that you were looking for on the pages of other people?

SS: No actually. I wasn’t on the web looking up other people with spinal cord injuries. I wasn’t in chat rooms. I wasn’t doing anything like that.

OL: There are not many external links on your website at all btw, which is quite unusual for 1997.

SS: Right

OL: “My Links” button is missing :)

SS: It wasn’t something that I felt like doing. That wasn’t what the point of the page was.

OL: Let’s talk about awards. Was it a nice feeling to get awards?


SS: Oh very nice yes, especially since I never asked for them. I was surprised that anybody had seen my site and liked it.

OL: Everybody tried to make something special out of their award.

SS: Right, and made one that showed something about yourself too.

OL: What happened with your own award “this site does not make me cringe”. Did people put it on their sites?

SS: I did award it to some people, pretty sure I did, but at this point I don’t remember who and I don’t know it if they did a link back to me. I don’t think I ever was paying attention to that.
At that period I wasn’t spending all that much time browsing a lot of other pages, it wasn’t how I wanted to spend my time.
OL: I see, I have a feeling that you lost the interest in your page shortly after you made it. You uploaded some of your son’s drawings on Gabriel’s page. And that’s it.

SS: I never got around to doing more.

OL: Do you remember if you had greater plans for this?

SS: I did have plans to put more out and I think I was reaching a point where I was just losing interest or you know just not getting around to doing it anymore. It wasn’t anything – there wasn’t a specific reason where I decided specifically I’m not going to. I think it was just very time consuming and eventually I just, I think I just didn’t want to spend all that much time. I didn’t have a lot of inclination to keep going back and the energy, to keep updating it all the time.

OL: Yeah, this is what happened to many web masters and web pages… and scanners. You reason number 5 suggests that web was the real opportunity for scanner owners. And you also left a note on in the bottom of What We Look Like page “our scanner was amused during the creation of this page”. But still you’ve stopped. You haven’t scanned and put online all your family album…

SS: No.

OL: Does your son know that you made this page for him?

SS: I don’t think he was aware of it. I don’t remember. It’s possible I showed him that I had put those out there but I don’t remember that I did.

OL: Did he later make a home page for himself?

SS: No, he never made a page. He is on Facebook, though, but he never did much with that. He is also on Twitter, but he only tweets about Sports.

OL: Now let’s talk as web master to web master. Why did you put a piano keys GIF on your page if there is no background sound? I was confused! I thought that maybe something is wrong with my sound. A page with a piano, but no midi on it! I looked in the source code but there was nothing!

SS: I think I just liked the GIF, I did play the piano. One thing I wanted to avoid was putting a lot of animated GIFs out there. But this one I liked.

OL: Okay, I see, so it is more about you than about the structure of the web page!

SS: The only page that has sound on it is Gabriel’s page. the music from the Disneyland Parade. It’s not like Disneyland was a huge thing for me but that music is very catchy.

OL: A lot of graphics I see on your pages are known to me, they are from free collections. But not the buttons in navigation. Obviously you made them yourself. Do you remember how?

SS: It was pretty thrilling that there was software out there that allowed you to make all kinds of fancy artistic effects. I particularly thought the effect where you could make a link look like a three-dimensional button was great.  I was using Paint Shop Pro at the time to do that.

OL: Was your admiration of the buttons you created a reason to double the navigation on the page? ;) You see it on the left as usual, and then the same buttons, but scaled down in the very bottom of the home page page.

SS: Yeah :)) … I think this was common to have the navigation at the bottom of the page as well as you know in the body of the page. And I thought it was kind of classy to have all the navigation buttons exactly match their larger button. You know I have no idea how I would do it if I was doing it now. I wouldn’t have those buttons in the first place! :)) But at the time they were kind of cutting edge… now they look very obsolete.

OL: Can you say more about your other design decisions? Your every page has its own background its own style own bullets and buttons.

SS: I had different colors in the background of each page. I have a design that seemed to work for that page. I did work very hard on the design because it really mattered to me what things look like. I did not want to have what I perceived as design flaws on other pages that were very common at the time like very, very busy backgrounds. And when it’s hard to read the text because it’s too close to the background or it’s hard to read the text because the background is so busy. I was very conscious of that. Other than that it just was kind of fun to make everything slightly different. On the FAQ page you can see little graphics next to every question, they all are different to fit the topic.

OL: I assume they are all found footage.

SS: Yeah. I didn’t make any of those myself. I used the software you could buy that had numerous discs with thousands of images on them.

OL: And the most important question!You left a note on the first page:

Frequently, when I work on my web pages, I have some of my favorite – well, pretty much my only – alcoholic drink, which is cranberry juice mixed with white wine.[…] (This text’s font color is cranberry-juice-referential.)

What are the proportions?!!!

SS: The proportions are enough cranberry juice so that I can’t taste the wine! More like 3/4 to 1/4. If you like the taste of the wine then increase the proportions.

OL: Do you remember what is “cranberry” in HEX?

SS: Yes! #CC3366. And I’m still pretty sure that color is web safe and that was something that I was aware of and trying to stick to when working on my web pages!

OL: Thank you Susan, For your time and your thoughts!

And to all the readers out there, if you would like to talk about your home page, contact me at!

“Geocities is to start charging from April 2, and it encourages users who want to continue using FTP for upload to upgrade to a premium package. Premium users are unaffected by the move,”The Register, 2 March 2002.

“It seems that everything Yahoo! touches ends up dead and burning in hell with Undertaker.” — World of Wonders, 24 April 2002,

As you may remember, Yahoo! not only killed GeoCities. First and foremost Yahoo! has bought it.

It happened in January 1999, but became clear to GeoCities users half a year later, when Yahoo! changed their terms of service. In In Protest of Section 8, published in 2014, I collected reactions and evidence of that user boycott campaign, which some days later forced Yahoo! to take a small step back.

After, things calmed down. Not that users were happy with annoying adds, the malfunctioning PageBuilder editor, traffic restrictions, security holes, etc, but as a frustrated webmaster of TimesSquare/Arena/1256/ nailed it: “all the other online services were either just as bad or go belly-up six months later.”

Full quote from this page, abandoned February 2002:

“Now that I have no need for Geoshities anymore, I have one message for those folks at Yahoo: SUCK IT. SUCK IT HARD. You bastards have caused me and my fellow browsers nothing but trouble for years now, and not just with your webpage services. You sick sons of bitches bought out and ruined, one of the greatest services to fandoms all across the net, and for that I will never forgive you. The only reason I haven’t moved earlier was because all the other online services were either just as bad or go belly-up six months later. But now I have my own domain, and I don’t have to put up with you bullshit anymore. So again I say, SUCK IT.”

My collection of “angry” farewell messages was growing steadily but slowly, until I reached April 2002, when the next big move of Yahoo! made users furious and pushed them to look for other hosting services: the shutdown of FTP access for the free home page service.

Here is an official announcement from Yahoo!, Maria Technosux left on her page:

Summary by Denise:



In practice it meant that users could not make their own HTML files any more for free. Non-paying users could only use PageBuilder to create, edit, and publish, effectively becoming tied to a content management system. In 2018 it sounds like the most normal way to publish on the web, but not in 2002. Additionally, PageBuilder was not a particularly sophisticated or reliable tool, which should be a subject of another investigation. (Listen to wise old man in the meantime.)

Users were neither eager to pay, nor to being trapped inside PageBuilder. Below are some expressive reactions which replaced the complete initial content previously published on these pages, and remained until Yahoo!’s final move in 2009:




Researching for this post I stumbled upon reviews of GeoCities at Webhosting They all are precious documents, but the one I want to quote is also a perfect summary of Yahoo’s achievements in their role as owners of GeoCities:

“At one point they changed the TOS agreement to try to grab rights to web content, and refused to let you log into your account, even to cancel and erase everything, without agreeing to the new TOS. THAT was stopped by massive protest. Had I not already left, the final straw was when they discontinued FTP access and email forwarding to anyone but paying customers. By that point I wasn’t about to pay them a cent. I switched to Earthlink and never looked back. My old files are still just sitting there collecting dust… just kills me that they took a wonderful, friendly community like Geocities and just smashed it to bits. Yahoo, you STINK!”
Review by Lesley A., submitted on May 17, 2003

The story with Yahoo! taking away FTP is unfolding in front of my eyes simultaneously to another crime happening today, which is Google killing the URL in the version 69 of the Chrome browser, taking away web user’s right to call the site by its address, to give a command to the browser. And though the rhetoric of the two companies is very different—Yahoo! wanted users to pay for the option to control, Google is selling the absence of control as a blessing—I can’t stop myself from drawing a parallel, as both are about denying essential web users’ freedoms.

What was it that made the web so powerful? What made it grow? I would say 3 things:

– Open (and readable) source code.
– A transparent addressing system that allowed to locate and link.
And, of course,
– FTP, i.e. control over your files and independence from particular host service.

These are technical and not really spectacular features, but maybe we should talk more about them than about Animated GIFs, Comic Sans, and other effects defining the epoch  visually but not conceptually.

I’m spending the last hours of 2017 organizing and categorizing pages last updated in the end of 2001. It’s the time when Harry Potter fanfic starts to get illustrated with stills from the film, not pictures from the book; when N’Sync fandom gets more vibrant than Backstreet Boys fandom; when you see a bit more of cat web sites than one year before, but still more dog lovers are out there; when GeoCities users call Yahoo! names for suspending their sites for too much traffic.

However, these are just side notes. The most striking content from 2001 is websites that were made or modified in reaction to September 11. Up until today I looked at 97 of them, and there will be more sad, angry, devastated, patriotic, conspiracy pages appearing in the coming months.

Below is a compilation of 50 screenshots that catch the first days and weeks after the tragedy, and reveal verbal and visual narratives emerging around it.

(Click images to show full screenshots.)

tl;dr: 1TB of KB Age switched to Internet Explorer 6 and Windows XP, but we don’t go for 1024×768 … yet.

Our Tumblr blog One Terabyte of Kilobyte Age Photo Op started in February 2013. It became popular, people were exited about seeing a new snapshot of the past every 20 minutes. Web pages last updated before the advent of e-commerce and social networks, framed by the sweetest browsers with the cutest logos provoked nostalgia even among the followers who were born after these pages went live on the web.

Fifteen months later we made an unpopular but necessary change. Screenshots switched from being created with Netscape to Internet Explorer 5. To say the truth we were really postponing that decision as long as possible, but the 19 March 1999 release of IE5 was the border after which we couldn’t represent the web inside of a browser that no one used any more.

It is almost 2018, almost 5 years from the launch, and we are on the eve of the next big sad change. This time it is not connected to any particular moment in the history. It just happened that some weeks ago the repository of snapped sites got empty, and it was time to restart Dragan’s screenshot factory and discuss the appearance of pages that were last updated in October 2001.

One thing was clear, time has come to change to Explorer 6  and stay with it till the last screenshot we have.

Another thing we seriously considered these last days was switching the screenshots’ resolution to 1024×768 (XGA).

I wanted to use this break in the Tumblr blog’s flow to address the issue, which was eating me from the inside for quite some time already: the eligibility of 800×600 (SVGA) to represent web pages of the 3rd Millennium.


There appeared more and more pages stating that they are best viewed in 1024×768; more and more often I stumble upon sites that are made for this resolution.


Add to it my personal memories about having 1024 monitor already in 1999. Plus the knowledge that Yahoo!’s Page Builder templates were designed for a 1024 pixels wide window, already 2 years prior to the time we are looking at now…


…and you know how I feel. Namely, I feel like I am a very mean researcher who makes old web pages look older than they are.

On the other hand, what I just described as “more and more” is only a perceived increase. Pages that are made for wider screens are still a minority among GeoCities pages last updated around the turn of the century: 3 of 100, as a quick test of 100 web pages last updated in July 2001 showed.

The vast majority still looks good or best with 800×600, and a lot are adjusted to look fine or ok even at 640×480. Either they were made for it, or their webmasters followed the rule that a web page should look proper first of all on the smallest of screens—an approach that we know today as “mobile first,” but before mobile.

Also, if it looks bad on 800×600, there is no guarantee it will look perfect in 1024×768.


Also, I noticed that many pages announced to be designed for or look best with XGA did away with flexible layouts, a web design paradigm that came back a decade later under the name Responsive Design): content arranged into HTML tables with dimensions defined in percent values and therefore adapting to the available screen space gave way to exact size exact definitions in pixels, or exact pixel coordinates on the page. This stagnation in web design, caused by an increased availability of graphical WYSIWYG page editor software and professional graphic designers creating pages in Photoshop, started already in 1997; it was then deepened by the burst of the bubble in 2001, and with XGA resolution and Internet Explorer dominating users’ desktops at least from 2004 through 2008, there was hardly a reason to keep web layouts adaptive.

800×600 screenshots demonstrate this inflexibility very well. It would be a pity not to see it.

And finally, the claim that a page looks better in XGA doesn’t mean it looks worse in SVGA.


Quite often i see the pages that seem “incomplete” because the bottom part is not visible in a lower resolution. But, on second thought, isn’t it exactly the act, the necessity of scrolling, that provides a wow or comic effect?


Furthermore, statistics show that 2002 started with 60% of users accessing the web with a lower resolution than XGA.

So, 😥😌

Based on these statistics and personal observations we can rightfully stay with SVGA up until 2004. And if we want we can find reasons to show GeoCities pages in this classic resolution, synonymous with the web’s golden days, till the last screenshot.

But is it what we want?

History and nostalgia are not the same. GeoCities was seen (and ridiculed) by people in front of 1024×768 monitors since 1997. Shouldn’t it be part of history? XGA was there when GeoCities was aging, and when it was killed. Actually (looking at statistic again) they both died the same year.

Our Tumblr blog’s role is to feed the web with its past. It is tempting to conserve and show amateur web productions in smaller form, because it makes them look better, younger. 800×600 is like a beauty filter for web pages of all ages. Looking at the web through it you get sentimental.

If 800×600 is the web’s ceremonial portrait, 1024×768 is it’s hidden camera, it reveals what had to be hidden.


On a bigger screenshot you see how the amateur web was shrinking and shriveling, you can get sense of how it was becoming small and unimportant. Not only when something is obviously wrong as above, but maybe even more in the case below: where everything is still alright, but you get the feeling of the web page aging, of belonging to another epoch.


Suddenly! An answer from Jeremy Penner ‏to my almost 6(!) years old question!

… continue reading


It is my special joy to announce that this year for the first time the GeoCities Research Institute got its own advent calendar. 24 doors from One Terabyte of Kilobyte Age archive are waiting to be opened at Old Web Advent Calendar. Door by door, day by day the calendar reveals treasures from the archive. Thanks to the student of our Traditions and Revolutions project group last semester.

Surfing the archived geocities sites (it’s totally fun by the way) I found many webpages – collected by my prof Olia Lialina – all having an image of a door on them. Mostly they were used as entrance button leading to the main page.

It would be a shame if nobody would ever see those beautiful doors anymore!

So I came up with the advent calendar.
Enjoy! And Merry Christmas

—Nick Betzlbacher!



This post is to announce a new piece of performative restoration, made by Tara Donovan-Achi, a student in the Traditions and Revolutions project at Merz Akademie, Stuttgart, led by Dragan Espenschied and myself last semester.
Tara writes:

“Going through One Terabyte of Kilobyte Age Archive I came across the so-called Papercat and realised how important it was back in the days. A web cat before LOLcats! It is fascinating because it seems to break through the imaginary wall, as if there is something behind the browser. A room? A garden? Cyberspace?

Early browsers didn’t necessarily implement the GIF89a specification correctly, and this animation was originally made for buggy browsers. While it displays nicely up to Netscape version 3, later browsers have the cat disappear and leave a closed eye behind. There is also an issue with transparent pixels that obviously should be opaque white.
I decided to bring Papercat back to life, to the modern web. “ showcases a repaired animation, a high-dpi version and 113 wallpapers the cat was bursting through on pages saved in the 1TB archive. But that’s not all. Papercat2k16 got the paws and the tail and… everything what was behind the wall and wallpapers. Enjoy! (if possible in Chrome)

P.S.: Papercat’s earliest (September 1996) appearance in the archive:


A screenshot of Stephen King on the Net appeared this week on the One Terabyte Of Kilobyte Age Tumblr blog. The page was last updated on the 14th of October 2000. The screenshot didn’t go unnoticed: 52 users reblogged and liked it. I tagged it as “my,” ”fan,” and “clipart,” looked through the news and links section, read the promise of the author to update soon again—my everyday routine. But this time there is a history to this case that makes it special.

Half a year ago in Tel Aviv, after my talk about immersion and the early WWW, the generous Dr. Lior Zalmanson gave me a tour of the town. After a short talk he mentioned that when he was a teenager, he had his page on the GeoCities too. It’s not a rare thing to hear from people I encounter, but it’s usually the case that they don’t really remember what and where exactly it was. Lior on the contrary was quite precise in his memories. Not only that, he could remember details that made it obvious that this website was a big deal and a big part of his life. So I’ve asked Lior for an interview that ended up taking place on the 28th of October 2016 in New York.

Olia Lialina: How old were you when you started to make the page?

Lior Zalmanson: I got thirteen in December 1996, and the page was created in the beginning of 1997.

OL: Amazing!

Honestly, I didn’t have to ask, I remember you referring to it in Tel-Aviv, and it was in that moment that I’ve decided I should really talk to you. There is this arrogant phrase that I found in 2008 on a generator that made fun of the early web pages. It’s banner shouted: “Make Any Webpage Look Like It Was Made By A 13 Year-Old In 1996!” It was repeated many times in articles and blog posts, and became sort of a stamp of sarcasm they put on GeoCities pages. Now to the real question:

Were there other 13-year-olds around you who were making webpages at that time?

LZ: I think I was relatively early. I remember vaguely there were a few other computer geeks in class that have been experimenting with HTML or building pages. But I don’t remember anyone of them to have any content other than a page with their picture, their first name, saying what are their hobbies, “my favorite links.” I think I was the only one that I knew of in my class that has really done a webpage for something.

OL: Did your classmates know about your page?

LZ: I don’t think so. Maybe my best friends. The web was another universe, my page was made for people out there.

OL: You proudly state that you had a purpose. And the purpose was…


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